January 23, 2017

China (中国) Today

 

Events Review (16–22.01.2017)

Against the background of the growing political and economic selfishness and isolationism of the leading countries of the world, China is getting to a whole new level — of a key leader of the globalization process of the world economy. Evidence of this is the strengthening of China's positions and its growing credibility in the spheres of international politics and trade and economic relations.

Politics


The participation of Chinese President Xi Jinping in the World Economic Forum in Davos

China's role of the new world leader was demonstrated by the participation of Chinese President Xi Jinping in the World Economic Forum in Davos, January 17-20, 2017. The public recognition of this role was the opening of the Forum by the Chinese leader, who, in his keynote speech called for continuation of the process of globalization of the world economy and openness of world markets, but also condemned the protectionist and isolationist measures of several countries.

In this context, Xi Jinping pointed out the main problems in the development of the global economy, including the weakening of its driving forces and the ineffectiveness of economic governance. Based on this, he stressed that it is necessary to create a new model of economic growth based on innovations, open and mutually beneficial cooperation, fair and good governance, as well as the balance of preferences, which would resolve the contradictions between the subjects of the world economy.

As part of the practical implementation of the above-mentioned proposals, Xi Jinping invited China's partners to take part in the “One Belt, One Road” international cooperation forum, which is scheduled for May 2017, in Beijing. In the course of this forum, it is supposed to study issues related to the creation of a “New Silk Road” from the Asia-Pacific region to Europe, inclusively with unification of transport systems, creation of free trade zones and deepening cooperation of the potential countries-participants of the program. Besides, the Chinese leader called on the leading nations of the world to support developing countries, including in terms of giving them more rights in international organizations, increasing investments and expanding access to international markets.

On the sidelines of the World Economic Forum in Davos, there was a series of Xi Jinping's bilateral meetings with the leaders of other countries and leading international organizations, and with representatives of big business, which once again confirmed authority of China in the world. In particular, in this context, very important was the meeting of the head of China with the new UN Secretary General A. Guterres.


Xi Jinping had a separate meeting with President of Ukraine P. Poroshenko

Xi Jinping also had a separate meeting with President of Ukraine P. Poroshenko. The Chinese leader expressed his respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine, as well as his willingness to develop trade and economic cooperation with our country.

At the same time, the People's Republic of China continues active development and regional cooperation. For example, January 17-18, 2017, China's Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Liu Zhenmin visited the Philippines, where he met with President of the country Ronald Durerte and other representatives of the Philippine government. Following the talks, an agreement was reached to establish a bilateral consultation mechanism on issues of territorial conflicts in the South China Sea.

Against this background, Russia is trying to enlist China's support in implementing its political and economic interests. In particular, on 20 January 2017, the public organization of the Crimean-Chinese cooperation “Crimea-Zhongguo” (“Crimea-China”) issued a statement about the possible “...role of the Crimea, as a platform for the development of the foundations of a new world order, with participation of the leaders of the three leading countries: Russia, USA and China”. According to the representatives of the Organization, the principles of world order laid down by the heads of allied states in 1945 at the conference in Yalta today have lost their relevance. New centers of power are being created in the world and the spheres of influence are being revised. The system of local blocs is becoming dysfunctional, so the Organization sees a need for a meeting of the leaders of the countries on which peace depends. The public organization considers it appropriate to hold such meetings in Yalta of all places.

The organization “Crimea-Zhongguo” was created on Moscow's initiative, as a society to promote the establishment and development of international social and cultural contacts.

The organization's leadership is part of the working group of the Government of the Republic to develop and implement an action plan to develop the Crimea's cooperation with China.

Economy

One of the main components of China's policy of supporting the process of world globalization is China's active investment activity. Thus, according to the Ministry of Commerce of China (promulgated on January 16, 2017), in 2016, China's direct investments amounted to 170.11 billion US dollars, which is 44.1 % more than in 2015. In general, investments were made in more than 160 countries. Of the total volume of investments — about 18 billion US dollars were invested into the implementation of joint economic projects in the countries that are China's partners in creation of the “New Silk Road”.


China is assembling new trade routes, binding other regions closer to it

Special attention was paid by Chinese inventors to the real sector and new branches of foreign partners' economies. Thus, the share of investments into manufacturing industry in total investments abroad has increased from 12.1 % in 2015 to 18.3 % in 2016, while the share of investments into transmission technologies, software and IT services — from 4.9 % to 12 %.

The volumes of investments into the development of China's national economy also grow. According to the State Statistical Bureau of China, during 2016, such investments increased by 8.1 % — up to 8.7 trillion US dollars (59.65 trillion Yuan).

At the same time, there are structural changes in the energy sector of the PRC. According to the report of the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Commission of China, by 2020 the share of consumption of “clean” energy will reach 41.3 %, which is 1.7 % more than in 2016. Including the share of natural gas will increase by 0.5 %, the share of nuclear energy will remain unchanged, the share of water energy will decrease by 0.1 %, while the share of other renewable energy sources will increase by 1.3 %. At this, the total volume of energy consumption in the country will be about 45.9 billion tons of equivalent fuel. However, China still depends on imported oil, the share of which is more than 65 % of total consumption.

Taking into consideration the growth in domestic transportation, as well as the implementation of the project to create the “New Silk Road”, the Chinese leadership pays special attention to questions of development of the country's transport capabilities. Thus, during 2016, China bought 153 aircraft from the Airbus Concern, including 141 A-320 and 12 A-330 (22 % of the produced aircraft of these classes). At present, the park of airlines in the mainland China includes 1,383 Airbus planes, accounting for about half of all civil aircraft with more than 100 seats on domestic Chinese airlines.


A-320

A-330

Besides, in China there continues the construction of the Airbus Production Enterprise Group and Chinese aircraft manufacturers' joint project. The plant will be assembling, processing and coloring wide-body aircraft, testing engines and doing flight tests. By 2019, the Center will produce monthly 2 aircraft.

At the same time, China exports transport products and services. In particular, in the United States (Springfield, Massachusetts) is being completed the construction of a joint Sino-American enterprise for manufacturing passenger trains. In turn, January 16, 2017 Beijing Space Science and Technology company “Lantszyan” signed an agreement with the Danish company “Gomspace” to launch Danish satellites. According to the agreement, in 2018 the company “Lantszyan” with the help of the carrier rocket “LandSpace-1” will launch the first Danish satellites.


In the United States is being completed the construction of a joint Sino-American enterprise for manufacturing passenger train


In 2018 the company “Lantszyan” with the help of the carrier rocket “LandSpace-1” will launch the first Danish satellites

Security and Law Enforcement Agencies

China's geopolitical and regional positions are supported by the country's leadership's measures to strengthen the national Armed Forces. In particular, January 21, 2017, the Eastern Fleet of the Navy of the People's Liberation Army of China (PLA Navy) received a new CNS Ezhou (513). It is the 31st missile corvette of 056 type in the PLA Navy. The corvette's length is 89 m, width 11 m, total displacement — 1,254 tons, maximum speed — 28 knots per hour. In the construction of the corvettes, stealth technologies were used.

At the same time, the management and command of the PLA change. January 19, 2017, to the post of the Commander of the PLA Navy was appointed Vice Admiral Shen Jinlong, who previously had been the Commander of the Southern Fleet. 71-year-old Admiral Wu Shengli was retired.

Science & Technologies


The first quantum communication satellite “Mo-Tzu” (“Micius”)

The development of China's economy is accompanied by the country's getting to a new level of high technologies. In particular, January 18, 2017, after the in-orbit test, was put into operation the first quantum communication satellite “Mo-Tzu” (“Micius”). The program of the in-orbit test of “Mo-Tzu” included testing the work of the satellite platform, the test under load and testing different channels of communication of the satellite with ground stations.

The development of the satellite began in 2011. August 16, 2016 it was launched into orbit from the Jiuquan cosmodrome in Gansu Province. The satellite will be used for studying quantum communication, which has guaranteed security from unauthorized attempts to intercept and decode. It is expected that by 2030, China will be able to create a global network of quantum communication.

Other Issues

According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, during the 2016 the population of the country (excluding special administrative Hong Kong and Macao regions) increased by 8.09 mln and amounted to 1.382 billion people. At this, the birth rate was 13 per thousand and the mortality rate — 7 per thousand.

The number of the male population was 708.15 mln, of the female — 674.56 mln people. On average, 105 men for 100 women.

The total number of working-age population (from 16 to 59 years of age) accounted for 907.47 million people, i.e. 65.6 % of the total population. In 2015, the figure was 66.3 %. By the end of 2016, China had 230.86 mln inhabitants older than 60 years, or 16.7 % of the total population. The number of people older than 65 years has increased from 143 mln to 150.03 mln, accounting for 10.8 % of the population.

The urban population for the year increased by 21.82 million and amounted to 792.98 mln people, and the rural population decreased by 13.73 million and amounted to 589.73 mln. The share of the urban population increased from 56.1 % to 57.35 %. Besides, the total number of migrant workers decreased by 1.71 mln to 245 mln people.

By the end of 2016, the total number of employed persons amounted to 776.03 mln Chinese people, including those employed in urban areas — 404 million.

 

 

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