March 26, 2014

What Were Today's Anti-Fascists in the Past?

W. Cherchill was right saying that fascists of the future will call themselves anti-fascists. This is confirmed by the current Russian fascists, under anti-fascist slogans trampling international law and shredding the territory of the sovereign state of Ukraine. In such a way Russian fascists continue shameful deeds of their historical predecessors. We know a lot of them.

Pyotr Stolypin - Russian statesman, Chairman of Council of Ministers of Russian Empire from 1906 to 1911
Pyotr Stolypin - Russian statesman, Chairman of Council of Ministers of Russian Empire from 1906 to 1911

The first Russian fascist was P. Stolypin. This is the opinion of white cossackdom's Ataman (General) G. Semenov. We mean exactly that royal minister-reformer, after whom the gallows was called “Stolypin's necktie”. With the help of this main instrument of the Russian “kultregerstvo” “non-Russians” Stolypin “reformed” in 1905-1907 Ukrainian villages. Apparently, in gratitude for this “heroic deed” the grave of the executioner of the Ukrainian people is being carefully looked after at the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra by Russian Orthodox Church supporters...

At the end of the civil war in Russia heirs of P. Stolypin's ideas created in one of the centers of the Far Eastern Russian emigration — Harbin (China), a Nazi Party. At different times, it existed under such names as “Russian fascist organization”, “Russian Fascist Party”, “All-Russian Fascist Party”, “Russian Fascist Union”. Among the names of its leaders often sound those of K.Rodzayevsky, A. Vosnyatsky. Party groups huddled around the world, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, i.e. wherever there were large or very large groups of Russian emigration.

What is “Russian fascism”?

“... Russian fascism is a self-sufficient and native, deeply Russian, Russian truly and genuinely people's phenomenon”- as Mikhail Grott introduced Russian fascism to the world in his article “Historical Greatness of Russia — is the Foundation of Russian Fascism”, published in 1933 in the newspaper “Fascist” (Issue 1) — edition of the General Staff of Russian fascists. And further on we read: “... The only basis of Russian fascism, taken throughout his whole with all its ideology, with all of its programs, is the historical greatness of Russia”.

But what was supposed to look like in the near future, the “Greatness of Russia” in the imagination of Russian fascists of that time? The answer to this question was given by the White Guard General B. Konovalov, “Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Lithuania, Galicia and even Romania and Bulgaria — in Europe; Persia, Afghanistan and Mongolia — in Asia will eventually integrate themselves into Russia.

Russia, by its geographical location, by natural capability of its tribes of large growth of population, should become the dominant power both, in Europe and in Asia”.

Alexander Dugin, a professor at Moscow State University (MSU), leader of the “Eurasia Party”
Alexander Dugin, a professor at Moscow State University (MSU), leader of the “Eurasia Party”

Dugin A. "Foundations of Geopolitics." - M.: ARKTOGEYA-centre, 2000Reading this, one cannot ignore convergence of views of a Russian fascist of 1930s with views of a modern Russian geopolitician O. Dugin, writing in the book “Foundations of Geopolitics” (scientific consultant — Head of the Department of the Academy of the General Staff of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant-General M. Klokotov): “The Battle for world domination of the Russian is not over yet”, and the future of Russia is in creation of a new Eurasian empire. And from the same book: “Ukrainian problem is the main and the most serious problem facing Moscow,” and further: “... Moscow should be actively involved in the reconstruction of Ukrainian space on the only logical and natural geopolitical model”, which means, according to O. Dugin, “geopolitical decomposition”, i.e. another division of the Ukrainian state between its neighbors: Russia takes the Right Bank Ukraine, Left Bank Ukraine and the Crimea, giving away to Germany Galicia, Volyn, Transcarpathian region. And all this must have been blessed by the Russian Orthodox Church. Its position in this case is known for acts of Orthodox clergy of Hitler’s collaborator Vlasov’s army and the modern concept of “Russian World”.

Dugin A. "Foundations of Geopolitics." - M.: ARKTOGEYA-centre, 2000
Dugin A. "Foundations of Geopolitics." - M.: ARKTOGEYA-centre, 2000

Collaboration of Russian fascists with German ones has a long history. In 1923 an agreement was signed between the former tsarist General Wilhelm von Biskupsky, representing in Berlin the monarchist wing of Russian emigrants, and Hitler's patron General Ludendorff. The last paragraph of the agreement provided for “replacement of the top leaders in the USSR with legitimate royal authority, which will take the form of Russian fascism — National Socialism”. Russian General Biskupsky, Director of Russian Institutions of Trust in Berlin, the personal adviser to the Grand Duke Kirill Romanov, assisted in the financing of the Nazi newspaper “Völkischer Beobachter” — Hitler and his party's newspaper. Gradually political cooperation grew into military one.

Eventually, not only Russian White Guard emigration collaborated with German fascists. After the conclusion in 1920 of the secret agreement “Radek — Sekt” on cooperation of the Red Army with the German Reichswehr, Soviet Russia secretly prepared for Germany in its territory military pilots and tankers, as well as vehicles for them, forbidden by the international coalition. Later the infamous Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the USSR's participation in the war on the side of Nazi Germany against Poland and the armed aggression against Finland and Baltic countries were just a logical conclusion of this friendship.

At the outbreak of war, between former allies in occupied by Germans Russian territory in 1941 started its work the National Socialist Party. In July 1942 was created a Russian autonomous region with its capital in the town of Lokot'. By early 1943 the territories of this region were inhabited by 581,000 people. Self-appointed “people's governor” of the district became a Russian B. Kaminskiy — Oberburgermeister of the Lokot' District Self-government, Waffen–Brigadenfuhrer (Major General) of SS (1 August 1944). In his possession was “Russian People's Liberation Army (RONA)”. It consisted of five regiments totaling up to 20,000 people.

The Lokot Autonomy was officially recognized by the German authorities in November 15, 1941
The Lokot Autonomy was officially recognized by the German authorities in November 15, 1941
The Lokot Autonomy was officially recognized by the German authorities in November 15, 1941

As part of SS, RONA was suppressing the Warsaw uprising in August-September 1944. RONA soldiers were engaged in looting, exhibiting a bestial cruelty, for what Kaminsky was arrested by Germans and shot. In 1944, RONA was included into Hitler's army of collaborator Vlasov.

Apart from RONA in the service of the German fascists were other Russian formations: “Russian National People's Army” (RNNA), Brigade “Druzhina”, Cossack units which received after 3 April 1943 their general name “Russian Liberation Army” (ROA) under command of General Vlasov. At the beginning of its formation, Vlasov's army numbered about 45 thousand people, And his Air Force — 5 thousand military servicemen. In total, according to different estimates, during World War II on the side of Nazi Germany fought from 1 million to 1.7 million Russians, among them were Russians of the Crimea.

For comparison, the Ukrainian Division “Galicia” had 13 thousand people, of whom 11 thousand were killed in battle at Brody (Lviv region), desperately trying not to let the Russian occupiers to western Ukraine. Galicians' reluctance to see for the second time in their house “liberators” can be explained simply. In their minds were still fresh memories of the atrocities of Russians towards the local population in 1939-1941.

By the way, in modern Ukrainian media have repeatedly appeared historical researches about the Crimean events during World War II. In particular, written by one of the military journalists have been several articles about “Nazi henchmen from ROA groups at the territory of the Crimea”. Here is what, for example, he managed to find in the archives and publish using the Ukrainian press in response to homegrown “democrats–patriots” taking up lately a so-called patriotic cry to condemn Ukrainian statehood. The author writes, “...Archives and statistics, and documentary researches of many, even Russian authors suggest the sad facts. Only 11th German Manstein's Army was supplied by the Crimea with 45 thousand infantry who participated in the storming of Sevastopol. The 17th Army of Wehrmacht formed nine separate Russian squadrons. Crimean “volunteers”, unlike the defending their lands UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army) warriors, later participated in blocking Leningrad. Modern Crimean “fighters” against fascism somehow do not hurry to tell Crimeans, how and of whom in Simferopol in February 1942 was formed the 5th Simferopol Cossack squadron of Von Yungschults' Cossack Cavalry Regiment and the 1st Andreyevskaya Sotnia near Simferopol. In February 1942, in Simferopol the Headquarters of the 11th Army of Wehrmacht formed the 5th Simferopol Reytarskiy Cossack squadron, on the basis of which was created Cossack Reiters regiment of the 1st Tank Army under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel von Schultz. In 1943, this regiment, as one of the best in the confrontation with the Red Army and the guerrillas, was included in the 1st Cossack Cavalry Division of the Waffen SS, and later increased and was reformed into the 15th Waffen SS Cossack Corps”...

Group of Cossacks-signallers of 2nd Siberian Regiment of 1st Cossack Cavalry Division
Group of Cossacks-signallers of 2nd Siberian Regiment of 1st Cossack Cavalry Division.

1943 -1944 years. Dressed in the combat and Wehrmacht  working uniform with German or Cossack insignia, with shoulder straps or without it. One of the Cossacks has white fur hat, that is a distinctive feature of the 2nd Regiment of the Siberian.

By the way, the “Cossack” continuity is observed not only in the current uniform, practically not differing from the uniform of the times of the World War II. “Patriots” copy even the way of thinking of their predecessors, who also raved about restoration of the great Russian empire. And on the principles of bare fascism. Not for nothing, apparently, the just mentioned formed in the Crimea 15 SS Cossack Corps became the first in Ukraine collaborationist union, as a whole included in the ranks of the SS troops. From a certain part of Crimeans were also formed and included in Wehrmacht troops three marching Russian battalions, 560th and 994th field battalions of ROA, not to mention the 1st Grenadier Division of the SS “Russia”, which also began to emerge first in Sevastopol and later in Simferopol.

We cannot ignore such a speaking for itself fact concerning ratios of collaborators of the Crimea and Western Ukraine to the number of local population. Here is what the researcher writes, “... In western regions of Ukraine the number of collaborators that went to serve occupiers, even including (for the sake of our homegrown fighters against “collaborators”) the Ukrainian Division “Galicia” and battalions “Roland” and “Nachtigall” (which, sure is wrong ), is approximately 2.5 percent of the total population of the region. In the Crimea it was about 12 percent (and this — without auxiliary battalions of the Crimean Tatar police)”.

By the way, at the end of the war, the Allies gave away Vlasov's army to the Soviet Union as traitors and servants of the German fascists, but servicemen of the Devision “Galicia”, not paying attention to the efforts of the Soviet leadership, did not recognize as collaborators and did not accuse them of any crimes either during the Nuremberg trial, or later. Currently, they peacefully and with dignity, as decent citizens live in countries where they emigrated after the war.

"Russian National Unity"
"Russian National Unity".

All-Russian civic patriotic movement "Russian National Unity", RNU, "Barkashov’s Guards" - International Orthodox paramilitary organization operating on the territory of the Russian Federation, in some countries the former Soviet Union, and also near and far abroad. Stands for approval of Christian values as the main doctrine. Founded by Alexander Barkashov.

Now in Russia are actively functioning dozens of different fascist organizations such as the “Russian National Unity” and others. Members of these organizations are getting special military training, and the fascist ideological training. Their bloody footprints have been left in all “hot spots” of the former Soviet Union, particularly in Ukraine. But is it any wonder if the highest state authorities of the Russian Federation is openly leading fascist foreign policy.

December 14, 1939 the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations
December 14, 1939 the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations
TASS has reported about exclusion of the USSR from the League of Nations in the Soviet print media

It is known that in 1939, for the unprovoked aggression against Finland, the Soviet Union, the legal successor of which is the current Russian Federation, was expelled from the League of Nations. The resolution, which was voted in the Council of the League and the League of Nations Assembly, stated that “the Soviet Union by its actions defined itself outside the League of Nations”. By its unprovoked aggression against Ukraine, Putin's Russia has also defined itself outside the United Nations. Expelling the Russian Federation from the UN would be a fair assessment by the international community of Russia’s aggressive actions towards Ukraine.

Sergiy Rudyuk